Interim Budget 2019-20

Context

  • The Interim Budget was presented to the Union Finance, Corporate Affairs, Rail and Coal Minister, Mr. Piyush Goyal on February 2, 2019 for the year 2019-20.

THE FEATURES OF THE INTERIM BUDGET ARE AS FOLLOWS:

FARMERS

  • 12 crore small and marginal farmers to be provided with assured yearly income of Rs. 6000 per annum under PM-KISAN
    Outlay of Rs. 75,000 crore for FY 2019-20 with additional Rs. 20,000 crore in RE 2018-19.
  • Outlay for Rashtriya Gokul mission increased to Rs 750 crore
    Rashtriya Kamdhenu Ayog to be setup for sustainable genetic up-gradation of the Cow resources.
  • New separate Department of Fisheries for welfare of 1.5 crore fishermen.
  • 2% interest subvention to Farmers for Animal husbandry and Fisheries activities; additional 3% in case of timely repayment.
    Interest subvention of 2% during disaster will now be provided for the entire period of reschedulement of loan.

LABOUR

  • Pradhan Mantri Shram Yogi Maandhan scheme to ensure fixed monthly pension to 10 crore unorganized sector workers.
  • Rs 3000 per month after 60 years of age with an affordable contribution of only Rs 100/55 per month.

HEALTH

  • 22nd AIIMS to be setup in Haryana.

MGNREGA

  • Rs. 60, 000 crore allocation for MGNREGA in BE 2019-20.

FISCAL PROGRAMME

  • Fiscal deficit pegged at 3.4% of GDP for 2019-20
    Target of 3% of fiscal deficit to be achieved by 2020-21.
  • Fiscal deficit brought down to 3.4% in 2018-19 RE from almost 6% seven years ago.
  • Total expenditure increased by over 13% to Rs.27,84,200 crore in 2019-20 BE.
  • Capital Expenditure for 2019-20 BE estimated at Rs. 3,36,292 crore
    Centrally Sponsored Schemes (CSS) allocation increased to Rs. 3,27,679 crore in BE 2019-20.
  • National Education Mission allocation increased by about 20% to Rs. 38,572 crore in BE 2019-20
  • Allocation for Integrated Child Development Scheme (ICDS) increased by over 18% to Rs. 27,584 crore in BE 2019-20
  • Substantial increase in allocation for the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes –
    • Allocation for SCs increased by 35.6% – from Rs. 56,619 crore in BE 2018-19 to Rs. 76,801 crore in BE for 2019-20.
    • Allocation for the STs increased by 28% – from 39,135 crore in BE 2018-19 to Rs. 50,086 crore in 2019-20 BE.
  • Government confident of achieving the disinvestment target of 80,000 crore.
  • Focus now on debt consolidation along with fiscal deficit consolidation programme.

DIRECT TAX PROPOSALS

  • Income upto Rs. 5 lakh exempted from Income Tax.
  • More than Rs. 23,000 crore tax relief to 3 crore middle class taxpayers.
  • Standard Deduction to be raised to Rs. 50,000 from Rs. 40,000
  • TDS threshold to be raised from Rs. 10,000 to Rs. 40,000 on interest earned on bank/post office deposits.
  • Existing rates of income tax to continue.
  • Tax exempted on notional rent on a second self-occupied house.
  • Housing and real estate sector to get boost-
    • TDS threshold for deduction of tax on rent to be increased from Rs. 1,80,000 to Rs. 2,40,000.
    • Benefit of rollover of capital gains increased from investment in one residential house to two residential houses for capital gains up to Rs. 2 crore.
    • Tax benefits for affordable housing extended till 31st March, 2020 under Section 80-IBA of Income Tax Act.
    • Tax exemption period on notional rent, on unsold inventories, extended from one year to two years.

POOR AND BACKWARD CLASSES

  • “First right on the resources of country is that of the poor”: FM
    25% additional seats in educational institutions to meet the 10% reservation for the poor.
  • Targeted expenditure to bridge urban-rural divide & to improve quality of life in villages.
  • All willing households to be provided electricity connections by March 2019.

NORTH EAST

  • Allocation to be increased by 21% to Rs. 58,166 crore in 2019-20 BE over 2018-19 BE.
  • Arunachal Pradesh came on the air map recently.
  • Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram came on India’s rail map for the first time.
  • Container cargo movement through improved navigation capacity of the Brahmaputra

VULNERABLE SECTIONS

  • A new committee under NITI Ayog to identify all the remaining De-notified nomadic and semi-Nomadic tribes.
  • New Welfare development Board under Ministry of social justice and empowerment for development and welfare of De-notified nomadic and semi nomadic tribes.

DEFENCE

  • Defence budget to cross Rs 3,00,000 crore for the first time ever

RAILWAYS

  • Capital support of Rs.64,587 crore proposed in 2019-20 (BE) from the budget.
  • Overall capital expenditure programme to be of Rs. 1,58,658 crore.
  • Operating Ratio expected to improve from 98.4% in 2017-18
    to 96.2% in 2018-19 (RE) and
    to 95% in 2019- 20 (BE)

ENTERTAINMENT INDUSTRY

  • Indian filmmakers to get access to Single window clearance as well for ease of shooting films.
  • Regulatory provisions to rely more on self-declaration.
  • To introduce anti-camcording provisions in the Cinematograph Act to control piracy.

MSME AND TRADERS

  • 2% interest subvention on an incremental loan of Rs 1 crore for GST registered SMEs.
  • Atleast 3% of the 25% sourcing for the Government undertakings will be from women owned SMEs.
  • Renewed Focus on Internal trade ; DIPP renamed to Department for Promotion of Industries and Internal trade

DIGITAL VILLAGES

  • The Government to make 1 lakh villages into Digital Villages over next five years.

OTHER ANNOUNCEMENT

  • New National Artificial Intelligence portal to support National Program on Artificial Intelligence.

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