- Foreign direct investment (FDI) into India has declined 11 per cent to USD 22.66 billion during April-September period of the current fiscal, according to commerce and industry ministry data.
- The foreign fund inflows during April-September 2017-18 stood at USD 25.35 billion.
- Key sectors that received maximum foreign investment during the first six months of the fiscal include services (USD 4.91 billion), computer software and hardware (USD 2.54 billion), telecommunications (USD 2.17 billion), trading (USD 2.14 billion), chemicals (USD 1.6 billion), and automobile industry (USD 1.59 billion).
- Singapore was the largest source of FDI during April-September 2018-19 with USD 8.62 billion inflow, followed by Mauritius (USD 3.88 billion), the Netherlands (USD 2.31 billion), Japan (USD 1.88 billion), the US (USD 970 million), and UK (USD 845 million).
- FDI had increased at a five-year low growth of 3 per cent at USD 44.85 billion in 2017-18.
- A decline in foreign inflows could put pressure on the country’s balance of payments and may also impact the value of the rupee.
- Any investment in India which has its source any other country than India is Foreign Investment.
- The foreign money can be invested in India by Foreign Corporate and nationals or Non Resident Indians.
- The money can be invested in shares, properties, ownership / management or collaboration.
- On the basis of this, the Government of India classifies the Foreign Investment into the following forms:
- Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)
- Foreign Institutional investment (FII)
- Non-resident Indian (NRI) investment